The Tengu were not only protectors of the mountains and the Buddhist faith, they were also known to be mischievous tricksters who, much like their Kitsune cousins, were capable of using magic such as glamour to change their shape. They were known to take humans caught in their mountains as captives for their own entertainment and multiple stories of the Tengu have survived since ancient times.
The Man Who Flew – Tonda Otoko (飛んだ男)
In 1810 there is a story in Asakusa of a man that fell from the sky, utterly naked, and was left lying in the street. He was found by a farmer who helped the man to his home and nursed him back to health. When questioned the man claimed that he had left on a pilgrimage.
During his journey across the mountains, he was stopped and questioned by a monk, his face hidden behind a feathered fan. The man answered the questions as honestly as he could but when the monk revealed himself, the pilgrim expected a dour-faced man but was instead greeted by a long-nosed yokai.
He was carried away by the red-faced DaiTengu and kept within its village of fellows for two days. The farmer was sure that the man must be delirious as he refused to elaborate on what had happened to him during his time with the bird men.
- Dogs, Ancient and Modern: A Mythological History
- Buddhism in Ancient Egypt and Meroe – Beliefs Revealed Through Ancient Script
- Feathered Tricksters Since the Dawn of Time
Tonda Otoko is the Tengu story about a man who fell from the sky. (Kotengu~commonswiki)
The Tengu’s Magic Cloak – Tengu no Kakuremino (天狗の隠れみの)
There once was a boy playing outside with a long beam of bamboo. It was hollowed inside from age and the boy would aim the bamboo here and there, up and down, left and right looking through the empty husk and pretending that he could see things far away. Or that he could see ghosts and yokai and even a dragon’s treasure .
A Tengu happened to be resting in a tree nearby and he watched the boy with fascination, certain that this must be a magic piece of bamboo to allow the boy to see such things. He was determined to own it for himself. Afterall, he was a great yokai and this was just a human boy.
The Tengu approached the boy and made a great show of his magic cloak that allowed himself to move, invisible, among the villagers. The boy was fascinated and seeing that the boy was very interested in magical trinkets, the Tengu offered a trade:
“If you give me your bamboo, I will give you my magical cloak. It would be so much more fun to move around unseen than to see far away but unable to do anything!”
The boy agreed and they made their trade. The Tengu was very pleased, he could easily fly to the treasures the boy described and become wealthy very quickly. The boy ran off to home and caused all sorts of mischief in his village while the Tengu sat with his new bamboo toy.
The Tengu tried several times to get the bamboo to work but, after some time, finally realized that he had been tricked. He immediately searched for the boy but could not find him because he was invisible. No matter where he looked the Tengu was never able to find the boy again. However, the joke was on the boy in the end as the Tengu cursed the cloak and the boy was never able to remove it and remained invisible for the rest of his miserable life.
Tengu No Hauchiwa (天狗の羽団扇)- The Tengu Fan
A young man was once able to steal the fan of a Tengu while the yokai was resting in a tree. Running away as fast as he could the man decided that he would use the magic of the fan for his own gains. He discovered that one of the powers of the fan was that, by fanning his face, he could make his nose grow long, like a Tengu, or short again.
While walking through his village one day, he wondered how he can use this power, he saw a beautiful maiden from a very wealthy family. Of course, being as poor as he was and a nobody to boot, he already knew he had no chance at marriage. So, he set about with a nefarious plan.
The Tengu can make their nose larger and smaller using their magic fan. (Hide / CC BY-SA 2.5 )
He followed the maiden home and then, while she slept, he fanned her with the hauchiwa so that in the morning, when she awoke, she found that her nose had grown hideously long and ugly. She didn’t know what to do and her father grew distraught. How would he marry off such a hideous daughter?
Lucky for them, the young man and his fan showed up on their doorstep and claimed that he could cure her but only in exchange for her hand in marriage and a cut of their family fortune. The maiden’s father agreed immediately, and so the young man made a huge show of casting spells and dancing around the maiden. But that night, he snuck in and gently waved the fan across the maiden. The next day her father declared that she had been cured and the man and maiden were wed.
The young man was now very happy. He had a beautiful wife, a nice home, and was richer than he could have ever imagined. But it was short lived. One very hot summer night, the man picked up the hauchiwa fan by accident and fell asleep while trying to cool himself down with it.
He awoke to find that his nose had grown as tall as a tree and had broken right through the roof and into the sky, thus revealing his location. The Tengu whose fan he had stolen came to reclaim his treasure and cursed the man to live forever, horribly disfigured . When the maiden’s family learned of the trickery he became an outcast and wandered the mountain, looking very much like a goblin himself.
- Thieves of Fire in Ancient Mythology: Divine Creation and Destruction in the Hands of Man
- Beware the Kitsune, The Shapeshifting Fox of Japanese Folklore
- The Strange Life of Al-Khidr, the Legendary Immortal Prophet, Mystic, Trickster and Sea Spirit
Tengu No Hauchiwa is the legend about a man that steals a Tengu’s fan. ( JonaSanpo Tokyo / Adobe Stock)
A Visit from the Shogun (将軍からの訪問) – A True Story
People believed so deeply in the Tengu and the mischief they could create that when the shogun, Tokugawa Iemochi, came to visit the mountain city of Nikko in 1860, only a few years before Meiji became emperor and took power away from the Shogunate, an announcement was placed around the woods and within the village stating:
Tengu and other devils: Our generals intend to visit the Nikko cemetery next April, but the devils who live in the mountains such as the Tengu must be removed to other places until the generals’ visit is over.
Many offerings were placed along the mountains’ paths, prayers made, and rituals performed to ensure that the Tengu would allow the shogun a safe visit. Apparently the Tengu were very pleased by these offerings because Iemochi was able to travel through the mountains and visit the village in safety.
Here the Tengu guard the Hansobo shrine. (Mun Keat Looi / CC BY-SA 2.0 )
In Japanese folklore, one of the most intriguing yokai is the Tengu. Considered by some to be a type of demon, and by others as a demi-god, the tengu can be found throughout the folklore and art of Japan.
- A quick overview of the two types of tengu
- Some information and photographs from Mt Takao and the Tengu Shrine
- Ukiyo-e art featuring tengu
- Resources and links for further reading about tengu
There are two types of tengu, the karasu or crow tengu and the hanadaka or long nosed tengu.
The karasu tengo is also known as crow or raven tengu, or kotengu, which means lesser tengu.
The karasu tengu is a frightening and dangerous yokai. Traditionally they were described as having the head of a dog, the hands and torso of a man and the wings and lower body of a bird. Over time, despite being known as a celestial dog, they lost their canine features and developed a beak. It is thought they arrived in Japan alongside Buddhism and may be derived from the Hindu bird deity, Garuda, only far more fierce. It is believed that they may have been the personification of the temptations a Buddhist monk would face on their path to enlightenment.
The karasu tengu are very territorial and will protect the forest areas in which they dwell. They have skills with weapons and were known to train samurai warriors. There are tales of them bringing disease and misfortune to locations and they reportedly snatch away unsuspecting victims and return them with signs of amnesia and disorientation. There are even reports of shape-shifting and possession.
Ultimately, be on your guard when walking through forests and mountain areas. If one is attacked by a karasu tengu, it seems there is very little change of survival
Hanadaka tengu are also known as long-nosed tengu, or daitengu which means greater tengu.
Hanadaka tengu are more human-like with red skin and an extremely long nose. They also have feathered wings and wear gigantic wooden clogs on their feet. The Hanadaka tengu are far less ferocious than their counterparts. They are linked to practitioners of Shugendo, a mountain ascetic monastic practice, and are seen as more a guardian and sometimes even a demi-god.
Like the karasu tengu they are known for their martial arts skills and will train warriors, as depicted in many of the ukiyo-e prints further along in this post. They are able to communicate without speaking, having powers of telepathy. They are known to shape-shift and can create strong winds by beating their wings or by using the featured fans they are often depicted with.
They are also known to disdain vanity and will teach arrogant people a lesson by stealing victims and depositing them far away, disoriented and perhaps a little more humble. Random violence is rare from these more refined tengu, but practicing respect and humility might be the best strategies to avoid unwanted interactions with this particular tengu.
Mt Takao - The Sacred Tengu Mountain
Mt Tengu is about an hour outside of Tokyo and is home to a magnificent tengu shrine as well as spectacular forests and fantastic views. On a clear day you can sometimes see Mt Fuji from the summit. If you a visiting Tokyo I would highly recommend a day trip to visit this wonderful place. In the further reading section at the end, check out the link to Donny Kimball's website where he gives detailed information about how to get to Mt Takao, as well as what to see when you are there.
It is difficult to confirm the exact origins of kombucha, and there is much debate surrounding the question.
The origins of tea-drinking in general are attributed to Shen Nong , an emperor of China who began brewing the beverage around 2700 BC. It did not take long for the Chinese people to realize drinking tea had a number of health benefits and it quickly became a popular drink among the entire population – from the upper echelons of society to soldiers and people living in humble remote villages.
By 200 BC the healing properties of tea had become legendary, and the first version of the drink believed to be kombucha was created during the Qin dynasty for the emperor Qin Shi Huangdi . This was so highly regarded it became known as the “ elixir of life ” and “ tea of immortality ”. Qin Shi Huangdi believed that drinking the tea kept him young.
Some people as recently as the 1990s have claimed the drink is so special it must be of extra-terrestrial origin.
The Chinese considered kombucha the ‘elixir of life’. Here the mythological White Hare is making the elixir of life on the moon. (Vmenkov / Public Domain )
- Tengu now has up to 104 bars of health.
- Fireballs from Rain Fire will now spawn in front of the player as well, trying to predict their movement, meaning dodging them is harder.
- Many more rocks fall when using Sky Slam.
- After taking a certain amount of damage, Tengu leaps into the air and disappears from the screen, performing Rain Fire first and Sky Slam right after it. Fireballs will fall consistently at random locations for the rest of the battle after this move has been used for the first time.
With this Real Mirage change, Tengu has become a force to be reckoned with, simply because of the long lasting fireballs that fall at random locations.
Since a majority of enemy attacks in this game will stun the player, if you happen to get hit by one of the random fireballs, which by themselves already deal decent amounts of damage, Tengu can take the opportunity to hit the player even further, whittling their health down at astonishing speeds. The problem with Tengu has always been his predictability, since most of his moves are powerful but easy to avoid. With the increased health, tools to disrupt the player, as well as staying in the sky untouchable for a long portion of the battle, Tengu is extremely dangerous and one misstep will likely cost you the run.
14 Terrifying Japanese Monsters, Myths and Spirits
The Japanese are very much into their spirits. There are hundreds of them, many harmless, many tragic, and more than a few just mischievous. There actually aren't too many evil spirits wandering the country… but there are a few, and you don't want to mess with any of them. Here are 14 reasons to avoid Japanese relationships, Japanese bathrooms, Japanese babies and pretty much the entirety of Japan.
Kamaitachi, literally means "sickle weasel." There are three of them, sometimes brothers, sometimes triplets, who go around cutting off people's legs. The first weasel knocks someone down, the second cuts off the legs, and the third sews up the wounds. They move so fast basically people blink and then suddenly realize they no longer have legs. Admittedly, the fact that one of the weasels takes the time to patch people up before absconding with their limbs helps. But, if the idea that you could suddenly discover that weasels have stolen your legs doesn't scare you, then you're a better man than I.
The Joro-gumo is a spider-woman, but she's not a member of the Avengers with a needlessly complicated backstory. She's a giant spider, with the ability to take the form of a beautiful lady (sometimes the top half is human, and her lower torso is that of a spider) who seduces men, wraps them up in her webs, poisons them, and eats them. One variation of the Joro-gumo myth says that sometimes she appears as a woman holding a baby, who asks men passing by to hold it. When they do, they are someone surprised to discover the "baby" is made up of thousands of spider-eggs, which burst open.
3) Teke Teke
Teke Teke is more of an urban legend than a regular myth, as it's reasonably new. She's the spirit of a girl who tripped on some train tracks and was cut in half by an oncoming train. Now she crawls around looking for other people to share her fate, which she facilitates by cutting them in half with a scythe. There's a variant of the Teke Teke myth about a girl named Reiko Kashima, who was also cut in half by a train now she wanders bathroom stalls and asks people on the toilet if they know where her legs are. If people don't answer with "The Meishin Railway," she cuts off their legs, which is bad at the best of times, let alone when you're trying to poop.
This spirit is pretty simple — it's a giant skeleton made of of the bones of people who have died from starvation. They wander around, grab you, and bite your head off, drink your blood, and add your skeleton to the pile.
The ghosts of baby pigs which 1) have one ear 2) cast no shadow and 3) steal your fucking soul if they manage to run between your legs. I think Iɽ rather be chased by the giant mass skeleton that a bunch of tiny squealing dead baby pigs, thank you.
6) Aka Manto
Another one of the many, many Japanese ghosts that murder people while they're trying to take a shit, Aka Manto approaches people in bathroom stalls and asks them a simple, if perplexing question: "Would you like red paper or blue paper?" If you say red, your flesh is sliced into ribbons until you're effectively red. If you choose blue, you're strangled to death. If you pick any other color, you're dragged to hell. There's a variant who asks if you want a red or blue cape instead of paper choose red and the skin is flayed off your back, choose blue and all the blood is drained from your body. The point is never go to the bathroom in Japan.
Greek mythology is known for its variety of mixed-up monsters — e.g. the manticore, which has a lion's body, bat wings, and a human head — but they have nothing on Japan. Meet the Tsuchigumo, creatures with the body of a tiger, limbs of a spider, and the face of a demon. They eat unwary travelers (actually, they eat wary ones as well, I'm sure). Once a powerful Japanese warrior killed a Tsuchigumo and 1,990 skulls fell out of his belly. That's a monster who is frighteningly good at his job.
Childbirth seems difficult enough before you bring in the possibility that you may give birth to some kind of demon/monster/thing. In Japan, these are called Sankei, and the worst of them is the Kekkai. Basically, instead of giving birth to a baby, a lady gives birth to a lump of flesh and blood and hair, when immediately runs off, straight out of the vagina, and tries to burrow underneath its mother's home in order to murder her later. No wonder Japan's birth rate is declining.
One of the many, many horrible demon women that apparently wander around the nation unfettered, Oshirobaba is an old crone that goes around asking girls if theyɽ like to try some of her face powder, like the world's creepiest Avon lady. Taking make-up from strangers is bad idea in general, and taking it from old ladies is even dumber, because the Oshirobaba's powder makes your face fall off.
The Ittan-Momen doesn't sound particularly scary it's basically a sentient roll of cotton that just flies around in the wind at night, wandering around. But the Ittan-Momen is also a sadistic asshole, because if it sees you, it will either wraps itself around your neck and choke you to death, or wrap itself around your head and suffocate you. Again, the idea that you can be walking back from the convenience store and suddenly get murdered by a large piece of cloths is deeply disconcerting to me.
Imagine a shark. Now imagine a shark whose fins were like a cheese grater, except instead of cheese they grated your flesh. That's the Isonade, who use their teeth and fins to both fillet you and then drag you down to the ocean floor, if you're unlucky enough to meet one in the water.
Japan may still get in trouble for whaling, but rest assured the country knows its wrong. Because when a whale is killed it could come back as a Bake-Kujira — an animated whale skeleton that surfaces much like it did in life. While spotting a living whale is considered very lucky, just one look at a Bake0Kujira is enough to give you and your village plague, famine, fire, and/or many other disasters.
The short, humanoid demons are tiny, belligerent, and bad news. If you see one, you will die — and they are more than happy for you to see them. They don't try and hide, they wander as they want. And they'll eat all the eggplants in your garden, and trample your field just to be assholes. About the only thing you can do to avoid accidentally seeing a Hyosube is leave some eggplants out for them willingly, and even that's a 50/50 shot at best. Oh, and sometime Hyosube will use your bathtub, leaving behind a huge amount of dirt, hair and scum. If you throw out the bathtub water, the Hyosube will fucking kill you. Just buy a new tub.
Another more modern monster, the Kuchisake-Onna is a woman who wears a medical mask and asks kids if she's pretty. She is, so kids say yes. That's when she removes her mask and reveals that her mouth has been slit open on both sides, Joker-style. At this point, she asks if the child thinks she's pretty now. If the child says no, she cuts the kid in half. If the child says yes, she slits his/her mouth exactly like hers. What's more terrifying about the Kuchisake-Onna is that there was a genuinely big scare in Japan in the 1970s that she was wandering about, to the point where teachers personally were escorting children home from school.
Malisa Wright , it has never been said to be a new thing. It has been said to be accelerated by human environment manipulation.
This was a post from over a year ago, but my attention is attracted by the words "will God's Land ever be found". We seek outside of our selves for paradise for a land. Most of the time, we find that land just by withdrawing form the chaos and insanity of the world Ahriman creates. Emerson was able to see the "authentic fire" as he sat in his garden in silence all day, Edward Fitzgerald in his books and flowers. really a world of magic does open as Nature allows us peaks into the real world. The dragon flies dance around us, a leaf twirls around and around defying the laws of gravity, a flower and a tree talk to us and we see the world of nature alive and full of magic. then we know we are not alone anymore. Humans make me feel alone, the chaos they create to me has become so alien. so insane. I am amazed at the stupidity of it all. At the margins of fb Ophra, Degenrate, Katie Coric "crying" over lying. the news, the chaos to create fear. what insanity. Just distractions to keep us from spending the time quieting our minds and remembering who we are. Will it matter in a year from now if Ophra lied?
God's land is not hidden out there somewhere. as Dorothy in the Wizard of Oz understood when she returned to Kansas. what she was looking for was in her own back yard all the time. We live in a magical world, it is all around us in Nature, but most pass through it without noticing. They are too busy chasing after the promotion, that new car or house that the TV tells them they have to have, that new piece of jewelry that will give them the satisfaction they seek. but it never does. does it?
Climate change is obviously not a new phenomenon!
The quote sounds like a description of someone leaving their body in an OBE and visiting another realm. The sound of thunder (often you will hear a loud, buzzing, thunder sound when you separate from your body). To see a serpent and a paradise of another realm. It was common place for people of the time to explore these realms - psychoactive plants were used and not thought of as taboo like modern times. They could contact their "gods" in these realms. Most people are so closed to these realms now and believe they don't exist.
Japanese Tattoo Ideas
There is no shortage of ideas when it comes to Japanese tattoos.
It might feel overwhelming to narrow down the right tattoo that would fit what you are looking for.
The best way to choose the right design would be to do your research on what you want to portray and look up symbols, gods, or traditions that will fit that.
An experienced artist might be a great asset to help guide you as well.
It is common to see Japanese tattoos as colorful and bright.
This could be because colors in Japanese culture represent different things.
That shouldn’t stop you from exploring black and grey Japanese tattoos.
This color scheme can still have the same striking features as a colorful tattoo can.
A big and bold Japanese tattoo is always a thrilling sight to see.
If that is not your style, that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t get a Japanese-style tattoo.
An understated, small tattoo is still a striking choice to.
Maybe choose a simpler design because your tattoo will be on a smaller scale.
Don’t hesitate to work with your tattoo artist to get just the right size and design for your tattoo!
Japanese tattoos are known for their unique-looking designs and the wild mythology that goes along with them.
Choosing to cover your whole sleeve as placement for one of these tattoos can showcase a story that Japanese culture holds so dearly.
Luckily, majority of your arm is not a tender or sensitive spot until you reach closer to your wrist, so it is one of the least painful places to get your ink.
If you are not ready to commit to a full sleeve tattoo, why not start with a half sleeve.
This is still ample enough space to showcase your Japanese tattooed ink.
Like a full sleeve, this is not a hyper-sensitive area compared to others, so this can be a great start if you plan on expanding eventually.
An arm sleeve full of tattoos is a typical appearance these days, but leg sleeves have quickly become just as popular.
If you are looking to showcase an abundance of Japanese tattoos and not afraid to make a statement, a leg sleeve might be the best option!
Tattooing your thighs will not cause much pain, but as you travel lower to your ankles, the pain will increase, but no worries because it will be worth it!
There are various Japanese tattoos, but did you know the term tattoo is not the proper usage in Japanese culture.
Horimono is the well-known Japanese term for inking your body.
Horimono stands for the carving of images.
Those who live for the artistry of horimono start small by tattooing a part of themselves and eventually spreading their designs across their entire body.
Taking this bold leap allows a person to depict many stories and characters from the Japanese culture.
There is some pain that comes with horimono, depending on the body part, but at the end of it all, I bet you wouldn’t change a thing!
There is no shortage of intensely detailed and intricate Japanese tattoos.
They are popular and found in many tattoo shops, but that doesn’t mean you have to choose a tattoo so intense.
Why not choose a simpler style of a Japanese tattoo?
The possibilities are endless and can still portray the same meaning as a detailed one.
When you think of Japanese tattoos, many people might think of evil “gool-ish” creatures, devilish gods, mischievous folklore, and mighty samurais.
For a woman looking for a more feminine Japanese tattoo, there is no need to feel left out.
The beautiful cherry blossoms of Japan or a geisha protruding pure femininity are wonderful options.
In late medieval Japan, Kai is a half-Japanese, half-English outcast who lives in the Akō Domain, which is ruled by the benevolent Lord Asano Naganori. When Kai was young, Asano adopted him as a foundling. Asano's daughter Mika and Kai eventually fall in love, despite Kai being scorned by her father's samurai due to his mixed ancestry.
Before a planned visit from Shōgun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Asano is visited by the Shōgun's master of ceremonies, Lord Kira, who wants to take Akō for himself. Kira enlists the help of a shapeshifting kitsune, Mizuki, who sends a kirin to kill Asano in the forest of Ako during a hunting trip. Asano's samurai struggle in their battle with the monster, so Kai joins in riding an abandoned horse. As the monster charges him, Kai recovers a lost sword that he uses to slay it. He spots Mizuki watching the battle, disguised in her white fox form with different colored eyes. Later, during the Shōgun's visit, Kai notices a concubine with the same multi-colored eyes. He tries to warn Asano's principal counselor, Oishi, that a witch is present among Kira's household, but Oishi dismisses his warning.
Later, Kira arranges a duel for the entertainment of the Shōgun: Kira's best warrior, a golem, will battle a warrior of Asano's choosing. However, before the duel begins, Mizuki uses her magic to incapacitate Asano's combatant. Kai secretly dons his armor and fights in his stead, but his disguise is revealed, and the Shōgun orders him severely beaten as punishment. Later that night, Mizuki casts a spell to make Asano believe that Kira is raping Mika, causing him to attack the unarmed lord in his delirium. Asano is sentenced to death for attempting to murder an official of the Shōgun, and is compelled to perform seppuku to preserve his honor. The Shōgun then gives Kira both the Akō domain and Mika, although he grants Mika one year to mourn the death of her father before marrying Kira. The Shōgun also brands Oishi and his men ronin and forbids them from seeking vengeance for Asano's death. Kira has Oishi imprisoned in an outdoor pit, intending to break his spirit as he fears Oishi will seek retribution regardless.
Nearly a year later, Oishi is released by his captors as they believe that he is now harmless. During his captivity, Oishi deduces that Kira is guilty of treachery for using sorcery to frame Asano. Oishi reunites with his family and asks his son Chikara to aid him in reuniting the scattered ronin. They learn that Kai has been sold into slavery and Oishi rescues him from the fighting pits of the Dutch colony of Dejima. Kai leads them to the Tengu Forest, a mystical place where he escaped from as a child, so that they can obtain the special blades of the Tengu. Kai instructs Oishi to never draw his sword while inside the Tengu temple and continues alone to another room to face the Tengu Master, who once trained Kai in their fighting ways. While Kai confronts the Tengu Master in a battle of wills, Oishi watches an illusion of his men being slaughtered by the Tengu, during which he successfully fights the urge to draw his sword. With Kai and Oishi having proven themselves worthy, the ronin receive their blades.
The ronin plan to ambush Kira on his pilgrimage to a shrine where he seeks blessings for his wedding to Mika. However, the procession turns out to be a trap and the ronin are ambushed by Kira's retainers, led by Mizuki and her samurai guardian. Several of the ronin are killed, and Mizuki, thinking they are all dead, takes Oishi's sword and presents it to Kira as a trophy. Mizuki later taunts Mika with their deaths and attempts to manipulate her into committing suicide from despair.
Oishi and Kai (having actually survived the attack) rally the surviving ronin. They lead half of the ronin to infiltrate Kira's castle by disguising themselves as a band of traveling wedding performers. With Kira's men distracted during the performance, the remaining ronin scale the castle walls, and launch a coordinated attack against the castle guards. While Oishi fights Kira, Kai and Mika are attacked by Mizuki, who shape-shifts into a dragon. Kai uses his sword and draws on the mystical powers of the Tengu to finally kill her. After gutting him, Oishi emerges with Kira's severed head, and Kira's surviving retainers surrender.
After winning the battle, the ronin (including Kai) surrender themselves to the authorities of the bakufu and are sentenced to death as they explicitly violated the Shōgun's prohibition on avenging Asano. However, the Shōgun discovers that they followed the principles of bushido in their actions and restores their honor as samurai. Thus, instead of execution, the ronin are allowed to perform seppuku. They are also given the honor of burial with their master, Lord Asano. The Shōgun gives Akō back to Mika, and at the seppuku ceremony, he pardons Chikara so that he may serve Akō and preserve Oishi's bloodline for the country.
A closing caption informs the audience of the tradition of paying respect at the graves of the 47 Ronin which continues every year on December 14.
- as Kai, a half-Japanese, half-English outcast adopted by the household of Lord Asano who joins the Ronin.  The character was created for the film. 
- Daniel Barber as Teen Kai
- Arisa Maekawa as Teen Mika
- Oishi's Tale
- Kirin Hunt
- The Witch's Plan
- Assano Seppuku
- Dutch Island Fugue
- Reunited Ronin
- Shrine Ambush
- The Witch's Lie
- Kira's Wedding Quartet
- Palace Battle
- The Witch Dragon
- Return To Ako
- Shogun's Sentence
- Mika and Kai
- 47 Ronin
Universal Pictures first announced the film in December 2008, with Keanu Reeves attached to star. Variety then reported that "the film will tell a stylized version of the story, mixing fantasy elements of the sort seen in The Lord of the Rings pics, with gritty battle scenes akin to those in films such as Gladiator." Universal planned to produce the film in 2009 after finding a director  and in November of that year, the studio entered talks with Carl Rinsch, who had filmed "visual and stylish" blurbs for brands, to direct the film. 
In December 2010, the studio announced that the film would be produced and released in 3D.  Between March  and April  2011, five Japanese actors were cast alongside Reeves: Hiroyuki Sanada, Tadanobu Asano, Rinko Kikuchi, Kou Shibasaki and Jin Akanishi according to Variety, Universal chose them in order to make the film's story more authentic rather than choose actors recognizable in the United States.  Universal provided Rinsch with an initial production budget of $175 million despite his complete lack of feature film experience, which led to The Hollywood Reporter considering it to be a "large-scale, downright risky" move. 
Principal photography began on March 14 , 2011 in Budapest.  Origo Film Group contributed to the film. Production moved to Shepperton Studios in the United Kingdom additional filming in Japan was also planned.  Reeves said that scenes were filmed first in the Japanese language in order to familiarize the cast, to which the scenes were filmed again in the English language.  The actors' costumes were designed by Penny Rose, who said, "We decided to base it on the culture and what the shapes should be—i.e., everyone's in a kimono—but we've thrown a kind of fashion twist at it. And we've made it full of color, which is quite unusual for me." 
Reshoots were done in London during late August 2012, which were delayed by the Olympics and the filming of Reeves' directorial debut Man of Tai Chi. Universal pulled Rinsch from the project during the editing stages in late 2012, with Universal chairwoman Donna Langley taking over the editing process.  In addition, the studio added a love scene, extra close-ups and individual lines of dialogue in order to try and boost Reeves' presence in the film, which "significantly added" to the budget of the film. 
47 Ronin: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack is the film's soundtrack album of music composed and made by Ilan Eshkeri and was released on December 17, 2013 by Varèse Sarabande.
47 Ronin was originally scheduled to be released on November 21 , 2012,  but was moved to February 8 , 2013 due to the need for work on the 3D visual effects.  It was once again moved to a final release date of December 25 , 2013 in order to account for the re-shoots and post-production. 
An endorsement from the cast of Sengoku Basara was held until January 23, 2014, stating that Japanese fans who tweet with the hashtag #RONIN_BASARA could win Sengoku Basara 4 for the PS3 or a 47 Ronin poster signed by the film's cast. 
Home media Edit
Universal Pictures Home Entertainment released 47 Ronin on DVD, Blu-ray and Blu-ray 3D on April 1, 2014. 
Box office Edit
The film opened in Japan in the first week of December 2013 where it opened to 753 screens nationwide and grossed an estimated US$1.3 million, opening third behind Lupin the 3rd vs. Detective Conan: The Movie and the third week of the Studio Ghibli film Kaguya-hime no Monogatari (The Tale of Princess Kaguya). Variety called the Japanese debut "troubling", considering the well-known local cast and the fact that the film is loosely based on a famous Japanese tale.  The evening tabloid newspaper Nikkan Gendai stated that its dismal performance were "unheard-of numbers" generated by the Japanese distaste for a Hollywood rendition of Chushingura which bore no resemblance to the renowned historical epic.  In the United States the film grossed US$20.6 million in its first five days of release, opening in ninth place at the box office. It also grossed US$2.3 million for a fifth-place debut in the United Kingdom.  The film was a box office bomb, unable to recover its $175 million production budget.  
Critical response Edit
47 Ronin received predominantly negative reviews from film critics, failing to impress Japanese audiences where studio expectations were high.  At the film review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds a 16% approval rating based on 87 reviews, with an average score of 4.16/10. The critical consensus states: "47 Ronin is a surprisingly dull fantasy adventure, one that leaves its talented international cast stranded within one dimensional roles."  On Metacritic the film has a score of 28 out of 100 based on 21 critics, indicating "generally unfavorable reviews".  Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B+" on an A+ to F scale.
Kirsten Acuña of Business Insider stated that the film flopped for three reasons: First, it opened in December when there is an over-saturation of films for the Christmas season second, the film took "too long in the vault", having undergone editing and lost momentum and third, audiences had not been drawn to Reeves as an actor since The Matrix Revolutions (which was released ten years prior) and that he had not yet reestablished his stardom prior to making John Wick. 
|40th Saturn Awards ||Best Costume||Penny Rose||Nominated|
|Best Production Design||Jan Roelfs||Nominated|
|IGN Awards||Best Fantasy Movie and Best 3D Movie||47 Ronin||Nominated|
|Golden Reel Award||Best Sound Editing - Music in a Feature Film||Andrew Silver (supervising music editor), Kenneth Karman (music editor), Julie Pearce (music editor) and Peter Oso Snell (music editor)||Nominated|
In August 2020, a sequel was announced to be in development. Ron Yuan will serve as director, with John Orlando, Share Stallings and Tim Kwok co-producing. The plot of the film will take place 300 years in the future and will be a mashup of genres including martial arts, horror, action, and science fiction cyber-punk. It was also announced that actress Aimee Garcia and former wrestler turned author AJ Mendez will write the sequel.  The project will be produced by Universal 1440 Entertainment and distributed by Netflix. Production is scheduled to begin in the first quarter of 2021. 
How to Parent like the Japanese Do
A bout a year after I moved to Tokyo with my husband and two boys, my 6-year-old vanished off the street. No, he wasn&rsquot snatched, and he didn&rsquot fall into a sinkhole. He simply wandered off while I wasn&rsquot paying attention. During our brief separation, of course I was worried&mdashI&rsquom from New York. But when I finally found him, blubbering outside a Sunkus convenience store, I told him he had never been in any real danger, because we were in Tokyo, and kids his age make their way around the big city all alone all the time. (He still cried, and I still felt bad.)
This is one of the first things you learn about parenting in Japan: that even very young children are expected to be independent and self-reliant enough to go to school unaccompanied, even if it means taking a city bus or train and traversing busy streets. The country&rsquos extremely low crime rate means it&rsquos safe, and the general feeling among parents is that the community can be trusted to help look out for its own. (It&rsquos also why nobody locks up their bikes, and why ladies leave designer handbags on seats in Starbucks before lining up for their beverage. What can happen?)
In the five years we lived in Tokyo, I learned some other ways to fit in as a parent:
Don’t talk about your kids. While American moms seem willing to kvetch to just about anyone about their struggles, Japanese women tend to keep the personal private, sharing only with their closest confidantes. And simply mentioning that your child plays for this soccer team or attends that academy can come off as boastful it&rsquos enough that he is seen in public wearing the uniform. But make no mistake&mdashparenting in Japan is hyper-competitive, and there&rsquos a lot of pressure to make sure your kids get into the right schools. The prep for entrance exams is intense.
Practice extreme attachment parenting, but do not hug. You might send a six-year-old out the door solo, but attachment parenting is the norm on the home front. Moms typically take their babies everywhere, by sling or Baby Bjorn-like carrier, wearing them around the house, out to the shops, even cycling across town. (In a Nagano resort town, I saw a Dad on skis with a baby in a pink snowsuit strapped to his back.) This physical closeness is in many ways how affection is expressed there is no kissing or hugging. In most households, the family sleeps together, with mom on one side of the futon, dad on the other and child in the middle, an arrangement resembling the Japanese character for river ( 川 ) that can continue well past preschool. And you’ll see lots of moms take their small children with them for a soak in the public baths. The Japanese call it &ldquoskinship”&mdasheveryone&rsquos naked in the onsen (hot springs).
Keep a lid on their self expression. This is a message Japanese parents drill into their kids from the start: to always think of other people and act accordingly, to help keep the peace, above all. Wherever we were&mdashin a restaurant or museum or food shopping hall, jam-packed pedestrian lane or popular hiking trail, I&rsquod see Japanese kids all calm and contained while my boys jostled each other or rushed past little old ladies with canes, noisy with talk. (You don&rsquot have to shout to be heard over the hush of a Tokyo crowd.) In Brooklyn, this sort of behavior came across as good-natured boisterousness in Tokyo, it seemed positively feral.
Lift your packed lunch game. Japanese moms set high standards for their kids&rsquo bento box meals, rising early to prepare an elaborate selection of healthy items that look pretty too&mdashfish, vegetables, tofu, seaweed, rice balls shaped like animals or plants. Fall short and the teacher might say something.
Don&rsquot fret about what&rsquos appropriate kid entertainment. Nobody at the Tokyo cinema seemed fazed when a trailer for a film like Resident Evil played right before a showing of Toy Story III. Realistic-looking play guns are still sold in toy stores. There&rsquos sexual imagery in manga comics. The cute and cuddly stuff&mdashthe cartoony culture of kawaii that is everywhere&mdashhelps balance things out.
Take flowers seriously: Making a picnic under a cherry blossom tree during peak season is a family affair baby&rsquos first hanami (cherry blossom viewing) is a photo op. Parks and gardens are exquisitely designed and painstakingly curated. And where and when children can run and play is strictly controlled.List of site sources >>>