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Richard Pape

Richard Pape

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Richard Pape was born in Yorkshire in 1916. He worked as a journalist on the Yorkshire Post but on the outbreak of the Second World War he joined the Royal Air Force.

Pape trained as a navigator and was posted to 15 Squadron based at Wyton. He was shot down while returning from an air raid on Berlin on 7th September 1941. The aircraft crashed near the Dutch border and with the help of the resistance he initially evaded capture.

Pape was eventually captured by the Germans and became a prisoner of war. He escaped twice but both times he was recaptured. The second time he was tortured by the Gestapo. Pape was repatriated to Britain on health grounds in 1944.

After the war Pape wrote several books including the best-selling Boldness by my Friend (1952). In 1965 Pape returned his military medals to the Queen in protest against the award of the MBE to the Beatles. Richard Pape died in Australia on 19th June, 1995.


Abby, one of the current owners of the house my great-grandfather, John Pape (1851-1945), built and lived in from at least 1882 to at least 1925, at 1043 Sherman Avenue in Evanston, Illinois, contacted me a couple months ago, and she told me she'd found a few items related to our family in the house.

This is the last of four items she sent me. It's a letter written to Otto Richard "Dick" Joseph Pape (1898-1972), my great uncle, from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, responding to Richard's query on farm tractors. It was dated November 12, 1917 - Richard had just turned 19.

What's of most interest to me, though, is that it was addressed to Richard in Galva, Illinois. Galva is a small town near the western border of Illinois, about 175 miles east and south of the rest of Richard's family in Evanston. Why was Richard in Galva?

Fortunately, Galva has some of the early Galva News available online through the Galva Public Library. I did a search for "Pape," and the first hit was from page 5 of the April 19, 1917 edition, indicating in the Saxon area news that "Dick Pape, of Evanston, has returned to work for Hiram Murchison again this summer."

Saxon was a small community about nine miles east of Galva. Only a cemetery remains there today. Click the image of the map below to make it larger.

The spot marked with a green-and-white marker that's between Galva and Saxon is the Black Hawk College East Campus. It is built on the former homestead of the grandparents of Hiram Nance Murchison (1880-1960), who farmed the land from his marriage in 1905 until retiring, moving to Galva in 1947, and selling the property.

How Murchison came to hire Dick Pape is still a mystery. As referred to in the April 1917 article, Dick apparently had spent an earlier summer in the area. I could not find any reference specifically to Dick, but there was a mention in the Saxon section of the June 28, 1916, Galva News (page 5) to "Mrs. Pape, of Evanston, visited at Hiram Murchison's over Sunday, returning to her home Tuesday."

The Mrs. Pape is most likely Dick's mother, my great-grandmother Gertrude Kramer Pape (1859-1919), but it could also be his aunt Catherine Hoffman Pape (1860-1927) or his cousin Hugo Aloysius Pape's wife Josephine Didier Pape (1880-1960), or it could even have been a misprint and been referring to one of Dick's three older sister, Miss Clara or Martha or Rhea Pape.

There was one other reference to Dick Pape that I could find, in the Saxon section on page 4 of the July 12, 1917, Galva News: "David Johnson and Dick Pape spent the week-end in Chicago." Note there's also a David Johnson mentioned in the June 28, 1916 clip pictured above, "riding in a fine new car."

As far as I can tell, this is David Oscar Johnson (1881-1964), who was a first cousin to Hiram Murchison (their mothers were sisters). Johnson lived across the road from the Murchisons and was still single in 1916 and 1917.

How did Dick end up down here? That's the piece of the story that is still missing. I also wonder if this has anything to do with Dick winding up in New Leipzig, Grant County, North Dakota, the following year. His World War I draft registration card places him there, as a farmer, on September 12, 1918, and he was still there, operating his own farm, when the 1920 Census was taken on January 9. However, Dick was apparently back at the Sherman Avenue house in Evanston by 1925, and it must be sometime around then that the November 1917 letter that Abby found got left behind.

John Constantine

Over his career, Mr. Constantine gained valuable early experience working for two fortune 50 companies. Since that time he has co-founded 8 successful ventures in various industries including direct sales, surgical and biologics, insurance technology, agriculture and large scale farming, and also is the sole general partner managing multiple large medical facilities leased to tier one hospital systems. Mr. Constantine serves as director of a national non profit: Affordable Housing Development Fund, Inc. providing low income housing all over the country.

Mr. Constantine brings to our Board his extensive background in company building as well as a strategic and visionary approach to leadership and opportunities for company. He is married and raising two children in Austin Texas.

Mr. Constantine graduated from the University of Texas at Austin with a Bachelor of Business Administration, with a minor in Real Estate Development.

Mr. Constantine has served on XPEL's Board of Directors since 2010 and currently chairs the Governance and Nominating Committee.

Boldness Be My Friend

I own four books by this author, first buying a couple of his travel books then this POW escapee book and the follow up one. This is the first I have read, because generally I like to read in the published order where possible.

First impressions of this book are that Pape is superhuman. Super intelligent, physically incredible and able to withstand the torture of the gestapo. There is no self depreciating writing going on here. But once you adjust to Pape being the ultimate hero in this book, his I own four books by this author, first buying a couple of his travel books then this POW escapee book and the follow up one. This is the first I have read, because generally I like to read in the published order where possible.

First impressions of this book are that Pape is superhuman. Super intelligent, physically incredible and able to withstand the torture of the gestapo. There is no self depreciating writing going on here. But once you adjust to Pape being the ultimate hero in this book, his story really is incredible.

I won't ruin the story for others, but in a very general outline this RAF navigator was shot down at the Germany/Holland border and with another man made his way through occupied territory to the coast to rendezvous with a submarine, only to be recaptured on the eve of the delayed departure.
He was transported to Stalag VIIIB, where he was imprisoned.

From here he escaped with another man, and travelled deep into Poland before falling ill and being recaptured interrogated and returned to Stalag VIIIB. After he recovered he escaped yet again, crossed Czechoslovakia and Austria, entered Hungary and was again captured.

After some recovery, then some torture and more recovery he was sent to Stalag Luft VI where the RAF POWs were held. Here he was invalided back to Britain as the war neared its end, by means of deception.

It is one of those book where the author justifies all this deeds, and his reasoning is provided. There are some aspects which are questionable, but in the circumstances it would be possible to justify many things.

A hard one to rate. Very easy to read, and no doubt Pape was brave and determined.
4 stars. . more

A '92 potpourri of poetry, prose

THE holidays over, a new year beginning, a long winte ahead, television going into reruns. What more incentive for a good book and burrowing into a special pocket of escape?

Here, starting with nonfiction, are some of the best books one reader came across last year. Some are old, some are new. All should be in bookstores or libraries.

Boldness Be My Friend, by Richard Pape (1984 edition). Amazing is the only word to describe soldier Pape's experiences after he was captured during World War II. Much of his time after that was spent out of prison camps doing intelligence work. He then had to break back in. This wouldn't be believed as fiction. The 1984 edition is much more complete than the original.

Cold Warrior, by Tom Mangold. James Angleton was one of the forces in the growth of the CIA and then he single-handedly almost brought it to its knees with his unquenchable search for Soviet moles. This is a look at the man, the accomplishments, the damage.

Heimskringla, by Snorri Sturluson. Translated by Lee M. Hollander. At last this 13th century classic is available in English. The grand Icelandic saga details in colorful skaldic fashion the history of the kings of Norway, including the constant intrigues and their deaths in battle and, in one case, a vat of mead. They don't write history like this anymore.

Machines That Built America, by Roger Burlingame. One of the creative geniuses of America is the mixture of ingenuity and industry that produced, developed and made available to everyone the machines that meant progress and a better life. Author Burlingame, in a case studies and personalized approach, looks at 200 years of American invention and its consequences.

M.I.A., by H. Bruce Franklin. Gets behind all the emotion and rhetoric of the Vietnam MIA issue to show the dirty truth: There's no "M" here -- and never was. The missing were known to be dead but were kept alive for bureaucratic reasons that backfired. Hearings late last year tended to support the conclusion.

Pearl Harbor, The Final Judgement, by Henry C. Clausen. The man who made the official army investigation into what went wrong that December morning tries to write "no more" to persistent theories that Admiral Kimmel and General Short were victims rather than villains. He has the facts to support his case that if they didn't know what was going on, they went out of their way not to.

Red Odyssey, by Marat Akchurin. A trip to offbeat areas of the then-Soviet Union in its last days, as it turned out offers a rare view of places outside Moscow and sets up the reader for today's problems in what are now several different countries. Getting around the Soviet Union was a trip, in more ways than one, and Akchurin is an observant traveler.

The Road to Extrema, by Bob Reiss. Reiss tries to get to one of the hearts of the environmental problem by going down to a threatened Brazilian rain forest and talking to all sides. Then he shows how having a rain forest affects people living up here in North America.

Drums Along the Mohawk, by Walter D. Edmonds. A classic tale of frontier life during the American revolution.

Isvik, by Hammond Innes. The newest work by the master of adventure writing. The story links Britain, the terror in Argentina and a mysterious ship a dead man thought he saw locked in the Antarctic ice. There is Innes' usual battle of humans against the elements, as well as humans against humans.

Kiss Me Once and Kiss Me Twice, by Thomas Maxwell. These sequential mysteries reek of the 1940s, not superficially but inherently. A banged-up football player finds himself involved in wartime intrigue. The pace is nonstop all the way to the infuriating endings. What a way to treat your hero! And why no "Kiss Me Once Again"?

Pape Name Origin, Meaning and Family History

The surname Pape is the 3rd most popular variant of Pope.

Search for the Pape family

Search for the Pape family

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Jack Johnson

Before he became heavyweight champion of the world and an inspiration for Muhammad Ali, Jack Johnson (seen here in 1909) was a high school dropout living in Dallas, working at a racetrack, exercising horses. It was in Dallas where Johnson would meet Walter Lewis, the trainer who convinced Johnson to put on the gloves and set off on a journey toward greatness.

Baseball Town, Texas

Sports in Dallas’ earliest days consisted of little more than orchestrated brutality: dog fights, rat killings, and bear baiting. Dick Flanagan’s saloon, located where the Wilson Building now stands, hosted bare-knuckle boxing on Tuesday and Saturday nights. Glen Lea Saloon, at Main Street and Murphy Drive, was the spot to catch cockfighting. But nothing was as popular in those early days as horse racing. The first account dates to 1847 the race took place in Cedar Springs, an independent town not yet part of Dallas. By the 1880s and 1890s, racing was the main attraction at the State Fair of Texas.

Dallas hosted its first football game in 1891—on Thanksgiving, fittingly. At the time, though, Dallas was a baseball town. Texas League games were played on fields near Fair Park and the Dallas Zoo. In 1915, Gardner Park opened on a bluff overlooking the Trinity River in Oak Cliff, and, after a fire, it was replaced by Burnett Field in 1924. Burnett Field was home to a number of teams that played in the Texas League and hosted exhibitions that brought players such as Willie Mays to town. Dallas’ Negro League teams had to play at Riverside Park, which stood a few blocks away. It was there that the Dallas Black Giants fielded a young Booker T. Washington High School graduate named Ernie Banks, who would go on to play for the Kansas City Monarchs and become a Hall of Famer with the Chicago Cubs.

Burnett Field finally closed in 1964, after baseball moved west to the newly opened Arlington Stadium. But before that, in 1960, Burnett hosted one more team, serving as the practice facility for the Dallas Cowboys’ first season.

Pope Urban II orders first Crusade

On November 27, 1095, Pope Urban II makes perhaps the most influential speech of the Middle Ages, giving rise to the Crusades by calling all Christians in Europe to war against Muslims in order to reclaim the Holy Land, with a cry of �us vult!” or “God wills it!”

Born Odo of Lagery in 1042, Urban was a protege of the great reformer Pope Gregory VII. Like Gregory, he made internal reform his main focus, railing against simony (the selling of church offices) and other clerical abuses prevalent during the Middle Ages. Urban showed himself to be an adept and powerful cleric, and when he was elected pope in 1088, he applied his statecraft to weakening support for his rivals, notably Clement III.

By the end of the 11th century, the Holy Land—the area now commonly referred to as the Middle East—had become a point of conflict for European Christians. Since the 6th century, Christians frequently made pilgrimages to the birthplace of their religion, but when the Seljuk Turks took control of Jerusalem, Christians were barred from the Holy City. When the Turks then threatened to invade the Byzantine Empire and take Constantinople, Byzantine Emperor Alexius I made a special appeal to Urban for help. This was not the first appeal of its kind, but it came at an important time for Urban. Wanting to reinforce the power of the papacy, Urban seized the opportunity to unite Christian Europe under him as he fought to take back the Holy Land from the Turks.

At the Council of Clermont, in France, at which several hundred clerics and noblemen gathered, Urban delivered a rousing speech summoning rich and poor alike to stop their in-fighting and embark on a righteous war to help their fellow Christians in the East and take back Jerusalem. Urban denigrated the Muslims, exaggerating stories of their anti-Christian acts, and promised absolution and remission of sins for all who died in the service of Christ.

Urban’s war cry caught fire, mobilizing clerics to drum up support throughout Europe for the crusade against the Muslims. All told, between 60,000 and 100,000 people responded to Urban’s call to march on Jerusalem. Not all who responded did so out of piety: European nobles were tempted by the prospect of increased land holdings and riches to be gained from the conquest. These nobles were responsible for the death of a great many innocents both on the way to and in the Holy Land, absorbing the riches and estates of those they conveniently deemed opponents to their cause. Adding to the death toll was the inexperience and lack of discipline of the Christian peasants against the trained, professional armies of the Muslims. As a result, the Christians were initially beaten back, and only through sheer force of numbers were they eventually able to triumph.

Urban died in 1099, two weeks after the fall of Jerusalem but before news of the Christian victory made it back to Europe. His was the first of seven major military campaigns fought over the next two centuries known as the Crusades, the bloody repercussions of which are still felt today. Urban was beatified by the Roman Catholic Church in 1881.

All You Ever Wanted to Know About Châteauneuf-du-Pape Wine (And More)

If there is French wine that everyone deserves to taste, it’s probably Châteauneuf-du-Pape. It’s like the gateway drug to French wine.

What Type of Wine is Châteauneuf-du-Pape?

Châteauneuf-du-Pape is a French wine appellation known for its bold Grenache-based red blends. Officially, the region makes both red and white wines with up to 13 different grapes. (Unofficially, there are 20 varieties used in the region!).

Let’s dig into the details of this historic wine and find out why Châteauneuf-du-Pape is the Southern Rhône’s most exclusive appellation.

Tasting Châteauneuf-du-Pape

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A great bottle of Châteauneuf-du-Pape Rouge bursts with rich raspberry and plummy fruit flavors. As it evolves, you’ll taste notes of dusted leather, game, and herbs. The Francophiles – and the actual French – call this herbal play “garrigue,” after the region’s scrubland of sage, rosemary, and lavender.

As if that wasn’t enough, CdP Rouge often finishes on a sweet-strawberry tingle that glows in the back of your throat from elevated alcohol. The finish ranges from sweet to savory, depending on the vintage.

Serving Châteauneuf-du-Pape Rouge

Serving: Decant wines for about one hour, and less for older wines. Serve cool, below room temperature to slow evaporating alcohol at around 60–65 ºF / 16–18 ºC.

Aging: Red wines typically age 10–20 years, depending on producer, vintage, and style. White wines age up to about 10 years.

Food Pairing: Try this wine with roasted and spiced vegetable-driven dishes like Morrocan chicken tagine with olives, lamb dolma (Turkish lamb-stuffed peppers), or smoky cauliflower steaks.

Châteauneuf-du-Pape Vintage Chart
  • 2011 Exceptional, high yield vintage. Concentrated, dense, fruity wines.
  • 2012 Good. Average yields and late season rains caused some more bitter tannins. Still, increased acid levels suggest age-ability.
  • 2013 Okay. Reduced yields from cooler temperatures throughout the season. Look for quality producers these will age.
  • 2014 Okay. This was a tricky vintage that required a lot of work in the vineyards. Look for quality producers these should age.
  • 2015 Good. This was a bombastic fruity vintage. Less herbal and bitter tannins overall. Great drinking wines.
  • 2016 Exceptional. Happy grapes, good wines.
  • 2017 Good. Smallest vintage in 40 years (only 9.6 million bottles). Extremely difficult harvest due to drought.
  • 2018 Good. A rainy, cooler year.
  • 2019 Good. This was a big fat generous year. Expect ripe fruit notes and lower acidity in white wines.

What About the Blanc?

Châteauneuf-du-Pape Blanc is harder to find because only about 7% of the region’s vineyards are white grapes. Still, you’ll find many producers make small amounts that are usually a blend of the region’s white grapes, most notably, Grenache Blanc, Clairette, and Roussanne.

/> Châteauneuf-du-Pape is located in the Southern Rhône Valley next to Avignon. Map by Wine Folly

Where is This Place?

Châteauneuf-du-Pape sits towards the bottom of the Rhône Valley, close to the border of Provence. The name means “pope’s new castle,” and refers to a time when the seat of the Roman Catholic Church was in Avignon (between 1309–1377). The region has written records of vineyards dating back to 11–, but winemaking has been here longer than that!

Châteauneuf-du-Pape is one of 19 official crus or “growths” of the Côtes du Rhône wine region. If you didn’t already know, these 19 crus represent Côtes du Rhône’s top wine-growing zones.

Châteauneuf-du-Pape is considered –by most– to be the benchmark of the Southern Rhône.

Châteauneuf-du-Pape Wine Facts
  • Châteauneuf-du-Pape was the very first French wine appellation created in 1936.
  • There are 320 wine growers in Châteauneuf-du-Pape’s syndicate of vignerons.
  • There are 7,746 acres of vineyards (3134 hectares) in the region, which produce an average 14 million bottles each year.
  • Nearly 75% of the vineyards are dedicated to Grenache (aka Garnacha).
  • Almost 30% of the wineries are organically certified by the EU.
  • Châteauneuf-du-Pape is made up of five communes: Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Courhézon, Orange, Bédarrides, and Sorgues (ordered from largest to smallest).
Going There?

Vinadea Maison des Vins de Châteauneuf-du-Pape

If you get the chance to visit Châteauneuf-du-Pape, the fastest way to see most of the region’s wines is through the appellation’s wine shop, Vinadea.

While it’s not a free-for-all tasting shop, there are often tastings available. The staff is extremely knowledgeable regarding the region and can help you plan your winery stops or ship wines back home for you.

Châteauneuf-du-Pape Wineries to Know

With over 200 to choose from, you can bet there are many great wines to explore from Châteauneuf-du-Pape. That being said, here’s a snapshot of 9 top-rated estates and their stories.

Château La Nerthe

This is one of the older wineries in Châteauneuf-du-Pape with records that date back to 1570 and a winery built in 1736. Though La Nerthe has had a rocky history, things changed in 1986 when it was sold to the Richard family and partnered with Burgundy negotiant duo, Tony David & Léon Foillard.

After the sale, quality improved greatly and the estate expanded its vineyard holdings to become one of the largest in Châteauneuf-du-Pape with 550 acres (222 hectares) – organically farmed starting in 1998.

Château Fortia

After World War I, fighter pilot Baron Le Roy returned to find his wife’s family winery struggling with wine provenance issues. The problem plagued not just Château Fortia, but the entire Châteauneuf-du-Pape region.

So in 1923, Le Roy started work on a proposal (along with Joseph Capus) for a French wine appellation system which eventually became adopted into law in 1936. France’s appellation system (INAO) has served as a model for quality regulations throughout the world.

Château de Beaucastel

This estate is owned by Famille Perrin and has a historical land-purchase record dating back to 1549. In 1980, Château de Beaucastel partnered with Tablas Creek Winery in Paso Robles to send cuttings of CdP vines to the United States. Tablas Creek went on to set up a nursery, sharing their vines with the rest of the United States.

It was through this estate’s generosity that we now have the unique Châteauneuf-du-Pape grape varieties spread throughout the world.

Domaine du Vieux Télégraphe

A vineyard estate that has managed to stay family owned (by the Brunier family) since 1898 – in the midst of the wine phylloxera epidemic. Vieux Télégraphe is positioned on an elevated plateau called “Le Crau,” which is famous for its deposits of large rounded, river stones (aka “galets roulés”). To many, the vineyards on the La Crau plateau represent the top wines from Châteauneuf-du-Pape.

The assemblage (wine blend) is typically 90% Grenache with a splash of Mourvèdre, that’s partially destemmed and aged in concrete tanks and large wooden foudres. Wines are unfined and unfiltered and are known to age for 25 or more years.

Château Rayas

This is a single climat (vineyard area) of 32 acres (13 hectares) that was purchased by Albert Reynaud in 1880 and originally used as a polyculture farm of grapes, olives, and apricots. The vineyards barely survived the phylloxera epidemic and were slowly revitalized by Albert’s son, Louis. Then in 1920, Château Rayas released their first wine! Louis Reynaud was successful with wines and eventually purchased two other estates, Château des Tours in Vacqueyras (in 1935) and Château Fonsalette (in 1945). He passed the estate to his youngest son, Jacques.

Château Rayas has long been a darling of American wine critics, thanks to the work of the current owner, Emmanuel Reynaud (a nephew of Jacques). The flagship wine is usually 100% Grenache and grows on sandy clay soils with no galets roulés (rounded stones). It is made in a traditional fashion in concrete tanks and aged in old 60 hectoliter foudres (that’s 1585 gallons – the size of 3 large hot tubs!).

Ogier Clos de l’Oratoire des Papes

This internationally popular Châteauneuf-du-Pape estate is not to be confused with Clos de l’Oratoire, a Merlot-based wine from Saint-Emilion! The winery was purchased in 2000 by an old Châteauneuf-du-Pape negociant, Ogier, which is part of a larger wine group, Vignobles Jeanjean.

The new owners preserved the original 1926 label design and trusted their wine director, Didier Couturier, to improve the wine. These 62 acres (25 hectares) of vineyards include all three of Châteauneuf-du-Pape’s soil types including galets roulés (rounded stones over sandy-clay), safres (sandy soils), and eclats calcaires (limestone-based clays). Ogier converted to organic farming in 2006 and uses a horse-drawn plow.

Grapes for Clos de l’Oratoire des Papes are fully destemmed to increase lush flavors, and wines age in large, used oak barrels. The blend is typically about 80% Grenache (from sandy soils – so more aromatic) and blended with about 10% Syrah, 5% Mourvèdre, and 5% Cinsault.

Domaine du Pegau

The Féraud family has a long history in the region as farmers since 1670. The first property titles in Châteauneuf-du-Pape date back to 1733 and were said to be planted to cherries, olives, and grapes. Even though the family produced grapes for generations, Domaine du Pegau did not exist until 1987, when Laurence Féraud approached her father about making a winery.

The name “Pegau” comes from the antique terracotta jars that were once used to store wine in the region. In Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Domaine du Pegau has 52 acres (21 hectares) of vineyards. (Forty-eight acres of red grapes and three acres of white grapes).

The winery struggled and sold most of its early vintages to make ends meet. Then in 1992, Domaine du Pegau finally broke through after being ranked in the top three for quality in Châteauneuf-du-Pape.

The rouge is usually a blend of 80% Grenache, 6% Syrah, 4% Mourvèdre, with the remainder being a blend of the 13 regional grapes. Grapes are not destemmed and go into cement vats for a natural fermentation. Afterwards, wines are transferred into large, old oak barrels (perhaps 158 gallon / 600 liter demi-muids) where they age an additional two years.

M. Chapoutier

Marius Chapoutier was the original “M” of M. Chapoutier. Marius purchased a winery estate in Tain l’Hermitage in the Northern Rhône Valley (Syrah country!) in 1808. The holdings of the Chapoutier’s continued to grow and now have property all over the Rhône Valley.

Since Michel Chapoutier has taken over, estates have been converted to biodynamic winegrowing and they have eliminated fining and filtration.

There are seven Châteauneuf-du-Pape labels by M. Chapoutier, including a 100% Grenache Blanc. The most well-known are the two top rouge wines called “Barbe Rac” and a younger-vineyard wine, “Croix de Bois.” Both wines are 100% Grenache which are destemmed, fermented naturally, and held in vats for at least three weeks (this polymerizes tannins). Then, the wines are aged for over a year in oak barrels or concrete vats (respectively).

Clos Saint-Jean

This is a family owned and operated estate with 99 acres (40 hectares) planted in Châteauneuf-du-Pape and 49 acres on the exceptional La Crau Plateau, where the vineyards are covered with galets roulés (round river stones) over iron-rich red clay. This wine rose to fame with their label “Deus Ex Machina,” which garnered a 100 point score from Robert Parker in 2005.

Grapes are almost completely destemmed and fermented in concrete vats. Grenache is aged more anaerobically in concrete, whereas the Syrah and Mourvèdre are aged in barriques and demi-muids (larger 600 liter barrels). Wines are often lush with rich blackberry and blueberry notes.

Terroir of Châteauneuf-du-Pape

From an outsider’s perspective, Châteauneuf-du-Pape is nothing more than a plateau and a few low, undulating hills that that slink into the Rhône River. But to the expert, the region is a complex myriad of soils, subtle slopes, and micro-terroirs that define the appellation’s best wines.

  • Soils: There are three main soils found in Châteauneuf-du-Pape, including galets roulés (rounded stones over sandy, iron-rich red clay), safres (sand-dominant soils), and eclats calcaires (more chalky-colored, limestone rich clays). More robust wines with higher tannin tend to come from the clay-based soils. More aromatic and elegant wines tend to grow on the soils with a higher prevalence of sand.
  • Sunshine: Châteauneuf-du-Pape receives an average of 2,800 hours of sun per growing season, making it one of the sunniest of France. (This is as sunny as Los Angeles!).
  • La Crau Plateau: One notable feature in the region is the La Crau Plateau. This raised area is home to some of the region’s most famous Châteaux and it is marked by round stones over iron-rich red clays left during the Villafranchian Age (in between the Ice Age and Pliocene Epoch – around 1–3 million years ago).

Winemaking here has evolved over several centuries and today uses a combination of classical techniques paired with modern cleanliness. You’ll find there are some stylistic differences between producers, which is achieved through winemaking techniques.

Many vineyards in Châteauneuf-du-Pape are covered with stones (called “galets”) that were originally on the bottom of an ancient river. Photo by Jean-Louis Zimmerman.

Handling Grenache in the Winery

Traditionally, Grenache bunches aren’t destemmed (they go into the fermenter whole). Leaving stems adds some bitterness, but it also increases age-worthiness. You’ll find that some producers do partial or full destemming, especially on tough vintages, to make a softer, fruitier wine. (Be sure to look for this in winemaking notes!).

Winemaking: Oak vs. No Oak?

The region has long used concrete vats to ferment wines and you’ll also see a lot of stainless steel vats. These tools keep temperatures low as the fermentation heats up. A few producers opt for oak barrel fermenters, although this isn’t as common. Grenache is very sensitive to oxidation, so the use of oak fermenters is more-than-likely used for other varieties.

During elevage (“aging”) you’ll find that some producers use new oak, but this is often for varieties other than Grenache. Truthfully, Grenache is capable of producing a lovely rich wine without the need for new barrels. That being said, you can expect wines aged in new oak to have even more smoky-sweet, clove-like overtones and will often include bolder varieties like Syrah and Mourvèdre.

Nearly all red wines go through malolactic fermentation whereas, most white wines do not.

Click map for full-size version. Map created by Cyrille SUSS of www.cscarto.com

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  • Fédération des Syndicats de Producteurs de Châteauneuf-du-Pape - chateauneuf.com
  • Here are more production figures on CdP if you're looking!
  • World Atlas of Wine chapter on CdP
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  • Baron Le Roy - aka Pierre Le Roy de Boiseaumarié (1890-1967)

About Madeline Puckette

James Beard Award-winning author and Wine Communicator of the Year. I co-founded Wine Folly to help people learn about wine. @WineFolly

Sequel to Boldness by Richard Pape

IN Boldness Be My Friend Richard Pape
produced one of the most outstanding books
inspired by war. It has sold over a million
copies and been translated into many
languages. Boldness Be My Friend, however,
could not tell the whole story. It was con-
cerned with the epic adventures of its author
and could not complete the tale of the many
brave men and women who helped him, or
of those who sought to betray him.

In Sequel To Boldness Richard Pape con-
tinues the story of the comrades with whom
he worked in the R.A.F. and in the Dutch
and other resistance movements-a story
which it was impossible to write before. He
tells of the agonies and deaths of valiant
people during the war and what happened
afterwards to those who lived. He meets the
relatives of Dutchmen Besselink and Agter-
kamp, men who were executed by the
Gestapo for helping him he recounts how
“Billy” Leonhardt and Mona, his Canadian
wife, assisted him, and tells of the agonizing
escape of Mona from the horrors of a con-
centration camp. An inspiring chapter des-
cribes the return from the dead of Mieteck
Borodej (the Pole with whom he had
escaped in 1942) after twelve years’ exile in

The fate of many magnificent people who
had helped him was due to betrayal. Pape,
obsessed by vengeance, seeks to track down
the betrayer and returns from South Africa
to Holland-with a sequel that is at once
unexpected and the key to the whole book.

This is a vital moving narrative in which
the author travels in Germany, Norway,
America, Canada, Africa and New Zealand.
Told with all the fire and vigour that have
made the author famous, it is a story of deep
compassion which will grip alike your
interest and your imagination.

In good preloved condition for a book of it’s era with the exception of a book plate inside front cover, a few scattered age spots and multiple tears to dust jacket.

Watch the video: Ο πολυάσχολος κόσμος του Ρίτσαρντ Σκάρυ Μέρος 2ο (July 2022).


  1. Feran

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  2. Macdonell

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  3. Shakir

    Agree, this funny opinion

  4. Sang

    Of course. All of the above is true. Let's discuss this issue. Here or at PM.

  5. Chenzira

    well, as they say, time erases error and polishes the truth

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