The 1819 Factory Act : no children under 9 to work in factories. Children from 9 to 16 allowed to work a maximum of 72 hours per week with one and a half hours a day for meals. 1833 Althorp's Factory Act : children from 9 to 13 to work a maximum of 42 hours per week; also children aged 13 to 16 to work a maximum of 69 hours a week.
The 'hidden curriculum' is said to be a curriculum in schools that is covertly and or subconsciously in being. The 'hidden curriculum', it is claimed, is said to be in place so that a girl grows into the type of woman that a patriarchal society wants ensuring that society continues to be dominated by males.
U-boats were German submarines that caused havoc in World War Two during the Battle of the Atlantic. U-boats were so damaging that Winston Churchill commented that it was the only time in World War Two that he thought Britain would have to contemplate surrendering. The Treaty of Versailles had forbidden Germany from having any submarines.
Witold Urbanowicz was a Polish fighter ace in World War Two. During the Battle of Britain, Urbanowicz was credited with fifteen kills and he was one of just eight 'triple aces'. Urbanowicz started flying in 1930 when he joined a cadet flying school in Deblin. He graduated from this school in 1932 and moved on to fly fighter aeroplanes.
Pierre Bourdieu developed the cultural deprivation theory. This theory implies that higher class cultures are better when compared to working class cultures. Because of this perceived superiority, people from upper and middle classes believe people who are working class are themselves to blame for the failure of their children in education.
Sepp Dietrich was a senior SS figure in Nazi Germany. During World War Two, Dietrich was a successful military commander fighting in Russia and leading one of the main attacks in the Battle of the Bulge (the Ardennes Offensive of 1944-45). After World War One ended, Dietrich, disillusioned with the peace, joined the Freikorps (Free Corps); a group of ex-soldiers who were determined to overthrow the Weimar government they believed had betrayed the German military.